通讯录管理系统:
功能:
1.增删改查
2.用户数据写入读出
3.登录账户与口令
4.收集用户评价并保存

 
#include <stdio.h> #include <malloc.h> //得到指向大小为Size的内存区域的首字节的指针// #include
<string.h> #include <stdlib.h> //标准库函数// #define NULL 0 #define LEN
sizeof(struct address_list) //计算字节// int n; struct address_list { char
name[30]; //名字 char work[30]; //职业 char handset[30]; //手机 char email[30];
//电子邮件 char address[30]; //通讯地址 struct address_list *next; }; struct
address_list *shifang(struct address_list *head); // 释放内存函数声明 //创建函数,不带头结点的链表
struct address_list *creat(void) { struct address_list *head,*p1,*p2; char
name[20]; n=0; p1=(struct address_list *)malloc(LEN); p2=p1; //强制内存转换
printf("请输入通讯录的内容!\n姓名输入为0时表示创建完毕!\n"); printf("请输入姓名:"); gets(name);
if(strcmp(name,"0")!=0) { strcpy(p1->name,name); printf("请输入职业:");
gets(p1->work); printf("请输入手机:"); gets(p1->handset); printf("请输入电子邮件:");
gets(p1->email); printf("请输入通讯地址:"); gets(p1->address); head=NULL; while(1) {
n=n+1; //记录通讯录人数个数 if(n==1) head=p1; else p2->next=p1; p2=p1; printf("请输入姓名:");
gets(name); if(strcmp(name,"0")==0) { break; } else { p1=(struct address_list
*)malloc(LEN); strcpy(p1->name,name); printf("请输入职业:"); gets(p1->work);
printf("请输入手机:"); gets(p1->handset); printf("请输入电子邮件:"); gets(p1->email);
printf("请输入通讯地址:"); gets(p1->address); } } p2->next=NULL; return head; } else
return 0; } //输出函数 void print(struct address_list *head) { struct address_list
*p; if(head!=NULL) { p=head; printf("本通讯录现在共有%d人:\n",n);
printf("---姓名-------职业--------手机-------Email-------通讯地址\n");
printf("==================================\n"); do { printf("== %s",p->name);
printf(" "); printf("%s",p->work); printf(" "); printf("%s",p->handset);
printf(" "); printf("%s",p->email); printf(" "); printf("%s",p->address);
printf(" \n"); p=p->next; }while(p!=NULL);
printf("==================================\n"); } else printf("通讯录为空,无法输出!\n");
} //增加函数 struct address_list *insert(struct address_list *head) { struct
address_list *p0,*p1,*p2; char name[20]; p1=head; printf("请输入增加的内容:\n");
printf("请输入姓名:"); gets(name); if(strcmp(name,"0")==0) {
printf("姓名不能为0,增加失败!\n"); return(head); } else { p0=(struct address_list
*)malloc(LEN); strcpy(p0->name,name); printf("请输入职业:"); gets(p0->work);
printf("请输入手机:"); gets(p0->handset); printf("请输入电子邮件:"); gets(p0->email);
printf("请输入通讯地址:"); gets(p0->address); n=n+1; if(head==NULL) { head=p0;
p0->next=NULL; return head; } else {
while(strcmp(p0->name,p1->name)>0&&(p1->next!=NULL)) { p2=p1; p1=p1->next; }
if(strcmp(p0->name,p1->name)<0 || strcmp(p0->name,p1->name)==0) { if(head==p1)
{ head=p0; } else { p2->next=p0; } p0->next=p1; } else { p1->next=p0;
p0->next=NULL; } return head; } } } struct address_list* delete_txl(struct
address_list *head) { struct address_list *p,*q; char name[30]; if(head==NULL)
{ printf("通讯录为空,无法显示!\n"); return head; } p=head; printf("请输入需要删除的人的姓名:");
gets(name); if(strcmp(head->name,name)==0) { head=head->next; free(p);
printf("删除操作成功!\n"); return head; } else { q=head,p=head->next; while(p!=NULL)
{ if(strcmp(p->name,name)==0) { q->next=p->next; free(p); printf("删除操作成功!\n");
return head; } p=p->next; q=q->next; } } } //显示函数 struct address_list
*display(struct address_list *head) { struct address_list *p1,*p2; char
name[30]; int m; if(head==NULL) { printf("通讯录为空,无法显示!\n"); return head; }
p1=head; m=0; printf("请输入需要显示人的姓名:"); gets(name); while(p1!=NULL) {
while((strcmp(p1->name,name))!=0 && p1->next!=NULL) { p2=p1; p1=p1->next; }
if(strcmp(p1->name,name)==0) { m++; printf("%s的通讯内容如下:\n",name);
printf("---姓名--------职业--------手机-------Email------通讯地址\n");
printf("==================================\n"); printf("==
%s",p1->name);printf(" "); printf("%s",p1->work);printf(" ");
printf("%s",p1->handset);printf(" "); printf("%s",p1->email);printf(" ");
printf("%s",p1->address); printf(" \n");
printf("==================================\n"); } p1=p1->next; } if(m==0) {
printf("此人未在本通讯录中!\n"); } return(head); } //排序函数 struct address_list
*paixu(struct address_list *head) { struct address_list *p1,*p2; int i,j;
struct address_list1 { char name[30]; char work[30]; char handset[30]; char
email[30]; char address[30]; }; struct address_list1 px[200]; struct
address_list1 temp; if(head==NULL) { printf("通讯录为空,无法排序!\n"); return(head); }
p1=head; for(i=0;i<n,p1!=NULL;i++) { strcpy(px[i].name,p1->name);
strcpy(px[i].work,p1->work); strcpy(px[i].handset,p1->handset);
strcpy(px[i].email,p1->email); strcpy(px[i].address,p1->address); p2=p1;
p1=p1->next; } head=shifang(head); for(j=0;j<n-1;j++) { for(i=j+1;i<n;i++) {
if(strcmp(px[i].name,px[j].name)<0) { temp=px[i]; px[i]=px[j]; px[j]=temp; } }
} p1=(struct address_list *)malloc(LEN); p2=p1; strcpy(p1->name,px[0].name);
strcpy(p1->work,px[0].work); strcpy(p1->handset,px[0].handset);
strcpy(p1->email,px[0].email); strcpy(p1->address,px[0].address); head=p1;
for(i=1;i<n;i++) { p1=(struct address_list *)malloc(LEN);
strcpy(p1->name,px[i].name); strcpy(p1->work,px[i].work);
strcpy(p1->handset,px[i].handset); strcpy(p1->email,px[i].email);
strcpy(p1->address,px[i].address); p2->next=p1; p2=p1; } p2->next=NULL;
printf("按姓名排序后为:\n"); print(head); return(head); } //姓名查找函数 struct address_list
*search(struct address_list *head) { struct address_list *p1,*p2; int m; char
name[30]; if(head==NULL) { printf("通讯录为空,无法分类查找!\n"); return(head); } p1=head;
printf("********************\n"); printf("** 请输入需要查找的姓名 **\n");
printf("********************\n"); m=0; gets(name); while(p1!=NULL) {
while(strcmp(p1->name,name)!=0&&p1->next!=NULL) { p2=p1; p1=p1->next; }
if(strcmp(p1->name,name)==0) { m++; printf("你查找的内容是:\n");
printf("+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++\n"); printf("++ %s %s %s %s
%s\n",p1->name,p1->work,p1->handset,p1->email,p1->address);
printf("+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++\n"); } p1=p1->next; if(m==0) {
printf("此人未在本通讯录中!\n"); } break; } return(head); } //释放内存函数 struct address_list
*shifang(struct address_list *head) { struct address_list *p1;
while(head!=NULL) { p1=head; head=head->next; free(p1); } return(head); }
//文件写入函数 void save(struct address_list *head) { FILE *fp; struct address_list
*p1; char tong[30]; if(head==NULL) { printf("通讯录为空,无法存储!\n"); return; }
printf("请输入保存后的文件名:"); gets(tong); fp=fopen("(tong).txt","w"); if(fp==NULL) {
printf("cannot open file\n"); return; } p1=head; fprintf(fp,"姓名 职业 手机 Email
通讯地址\n"); for(;p1!=NULL;) { fprintf(fp,"%s %s %s %s
%s\n",p1->name,p1->work,p1->handset,p1->email,p1->address); p1=p1->next; }
printf("保存完毕!\n"); fclose(fp); } //文件读出函数 struct address_list *load(struct
address_list *head) { FILE *fp; char tong[30]; struct address_list *p1,*p2;
printf("请输入要输出的文件名:"); gets(tong); fp=fopen("(tong).txt","r"); if(fp==NULL) {
printf("此通讯录名不存在,无法输出!\n"); return(head); } else { head=shifang(head); }
p1=(struct address_list *)malloc(LEN);
fscanf(fp,"%s%s%s%s%s",&p1->name,&p1->work,&p1->handset,&p1->email,&p1->address);
if(feof(fp)!=0) { printf("文件为空,无法打开!\n"); return(head); } else { rewind(fp);
p2=p1; head=p1; n=0; while(feof(fp)==0) {
fscanf(fp,"%s%s%s%s%s",&p1->name,&p1->work,&p1->handset,&p1->email,&p1->address);
if(feof(fp)!=0) break; p2->next=p1; p2=p1; p1=(struct address_list
*)malloc(LEN); n=n+1; } p2->next=NULL; p1=head; head=head->next; n=n-1;
free(p1); print(head); printf("打开完毕!\n"); return(head); } fclose(fp); }
//综合操作函数 struct address_list *menu(struct address_list *head) { char num[10];
while(1) { printf("*********************\n"); printf("*** 1 姓名查找 ****\n");
printf("*** 2 单个显示 ****\n"); printf("*** 3 增加 ****\n"); printf("*** 4 退出
****\n"); printf("*********************\n"); printf("请输入您选择的操作:"); gets(num);
switch(*num) { case '1': { head=search(head); //姓名查找 print(head); } break; case
'2': { head=display(head); //显示 } break; case '3': { head=insert(head); //增加
print(head); } break; case '4': return head; default: printf("操作错误,此项不存在!\n");
break; } if(strcmp(num,"6")==0) break; } return head; } //主函数 void main() {
struct address_list *head=NULL; char num[10];
printf("*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*\n"); printf("*=* 程序说明
*=*\n"); printf("*=* 请及时保存创建完毕的通讯录内容! *=*\n");
printf("*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*=*\n"); while(1) {
printf("************************\n"); printf("*** 1 创建通讯录 ****\n"); printf("***
2 按名字排序 ****\n"); printf("*** 3 综合操作 ****\n"); printf("*** 4 保存 ****\n");
printf("*** 5 打开 ****\n"); printf("*** 6 删除 ****\n"); printf("*** 7 退出
****\n"); printf("************************\n"); printf("请输入您选择的操作:");
gets(num); switch(*num) { case '1': { if(head==NULL) { head=creat(); //创建
print(head); } else { head=shifang(head); head=creat(); //重新创建 print(head); } }
break; case '2': { head=paixu(head); //排序 } break; case '3': { head=menu(head);
//综合操作 } break; case '4': { save(head); //文件保存 print(head); } break; case '5':
{ head=load(head); //文件输出 } break; case '6': { head=delete_txl(head); //删除
print(head); } break; case '7': head=shifang(head); break; default:
printf("操作错误,此项不存在!\n"); break; } if(strcmp(num,"7")==0) break; } }