一、安装新版本的nodejs和npm

安装n模块:
npm install -g n
升级node.js到最新稳定版
n stable
 

二、安装hexo

note: 参考github,不要去其官网: https://github.com/hexojs/hexo

安装Hexo
npm install hexo-cli -g
Setup your blog
hexo init blemesh cd blemesh
 
安装Cactus主题,众多开源主题中比较简洁的一个:
主题页: https://hexo.io/themes/
Cactus页: https://github.com/probberechts/hexo-theme-cactus
git clone https://github.com/probberechts/hexo-theme-cactus.git themes/cactus
修改主题配置:
vim _config.yml # Extensions ## Plugins: https://hexo.io/plugins/ ## Themes:
https://hexo.io/themes/ ## theme: landscape theme: cactus theme_config:
colorscheme: white
 
Create pages and articles with the hexo new [layout] <title> command. For
example, to create an "about me" page, run:
hexo new page about
This will create a new file in source/about/index.md Similary, you can create
a new article with
hexo new post "hello world"
and add some interesting content in source/_posts/hello-world.md.

 
Start the server:
hexo server
8001 port:
hexo server -p 8001
 

三、安装hexo-admin并配置

安装:
npm install --save hexo-admin
打开目录下的_config.yml配置hexo-admin:
admin: username: XXXX(自己设置用户名) password_hash: XXXXXXXXX(密码,但是是明文经过bcrypt
hash加密后生成的) secret: hey hexo(用于cookie安全) deployCommand:
'./admin_script/hexo-generate.sh'(调用该脚本)
 
注:
1)其中password_hash是你自己的明文密码经过加密后的字符串,但是如果用类似下面的网址:
https://bcrypt-generator.com/ 会生成
:$2y$10$pJjIxxxxxfMn9U/xxxxxNuuA20kh1eoB7vZxxxxx/7WpeV7IOxxxx类似的加密串,但是运行会报
invalid salt revision错误,其原因是:
 
➜ blemesh cat node_modules/hexo-admin/www/bundle.js | head -4851 | tail -10 if
(salt.charAt(0) != '$' || salt.charAt(1) != '2') throw "Invalid salt version";
if (salt.charAt(2) == '$') off = 3; else { minor = salt.charAt(2); if (minor !=
'a' || salt.charAt(3) != '$') throw "Invalid salt revision"; off = 4; }
需要版本号是2a的加密方式,因此只能用python自己写了:
https://pypi.org/project/bcrypt/3.1.0/
>>> hashed = bcrypt.hashpw(password, bcrypt.gensalt(prefix=b"2a")) >>>
print(hashed)
b'$2a$12$PAoJr3USOBxxxxxxxxxxxxxxV/.h.QNbh/6q.xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxcDcJ.'
 
2)其中配置中有个脚本: ./admin_script/hexo-generate.sh 需要自己创建:
➜ blemesh cat admin_script/hexo-generate.sh hexo g ➜ blemesh chmod +x
admin_script/hexo-generate.sh
这个脚本有什么用,啥时候触发?可以参考: https://www.jianshu.com/p/68e727dda16d step
5,admin后台管理博客有个deploy按钮,点击这个按钮就会执行这个脚本,该脚本会将md文件生成静态网页,如果用nginx配置去访问静态网页,速度会快很多。

 

四、nginx配置

配置nginx:编辑 /etc/nginx/nginx.conf 插入下面代码:
server { listen 3001; server_name www.beautifulzzzz.com; index index.html
index.htm index; root /root/App/blemesh/public; }
之后重启nginx:nginx -s reload

注:
执行nginx后会报错误:nginx 403
Forbidden,原因是配置文件nginx.conf文件的执行用户和当前用户不一致导致的,把之前的nobody改成当前用户root。再有错误可以参考[7]
<https://blog.csdn.net/huangbaokang/article/details/79924833> [8]
<https://blog.csdn.net/qq_14989227/article/details/78295926>。

 

五、增加tag

hexo主页下的tag标签、category标签无显示找不到:

* 解决办法: 在主目录下执行 hexo new page "tags"或者hexo new page "category"
* 在/source/tags/index.md中设置修改 ➜ blemesh cat ./source/tags/index.md --- type:
"tags" comments: false date: 2019-02-24 02:53:03 ---
* 同理categories: ➜ blemesh cat ./source/category/index.md --- type: "category"
comments: false date: 2019-02-24 02:53:34 ---
* 或者about me: ➜ blemesh cat ./source/about/index.md --- title: about type:
"about-me" comments: false date: 2019-02-22 00:09:58 ---
 

六、后台启动

hexo server进程一直在后台运行的办法(执行hexo server -d
&在一段时间后会停止hexo,此时无法打开后台),采用pm2接管hexo进程:
npm install -g pm2
在博客的根目录下创建一个hexo_run.js的文件,文件内容如下:
➜ blemesh cat hexo_run.js const { exec } = require('child_process') exec('hexo
server -p 8001 -d',(error, stdout, stderr) => { if(error){ console.log('exec
error: ${error}') return } console.log('stdout: ${stdout}');
console.log('stderr: ${stderr}'); })
运行开启命令: pm2 start hexo_run.js

最后附上 zhouwaiqiang <https://www.jianshu.com/p/40a497e9a6eb>
写的一个hexo重启脚本restart_hexo.sh(需要先配置好nginx),需要重启刷新的时候执行source restart_hexo.sh即可:
➜ blemesh cat restart_hexo.sh #!/bin/bash PROCESS=`ps -ef|grep hexo|grep -v
grep|grep -v PPID|awk '{ print $2 }'` PROC_NAME="pm2" for i in $PROCESS do echo
"Kill the $1 process [ $i ]" kill -9 $i done hexo clean #清除数据 hexo generate
#生成静态文件public文件夹 ProcNumber=`ps -ef |grep -w $PROC_NAME|grep -v grep|wc -l` if
[ $ProcNumber -le 0 ];then pm2 start hexo_run.js else pm2 restart hexo_run.js
fi service nginx restart
 

七、体验

* 启动:sh ./restart_hexo.sh
* 访问主页: http://www.beautifulzzzz.com:8001/
* 访问nginx静态快速版网页: http://www.beautifulzzzz.com:3001/
* 访问后台编写文章: http://www.beautifulzzzz.com:8001/admin/
* 编写好之后点击Deploy会自动调用之前的脚本,静态网页就有了
 



 



: 完~
: 大家觉得不错,可以点推荐给更多人~




LINKS

[1]. linux下在线升级nodejs <http://www.cnblogs.com/xiashan17/p/6907537.html>
[2]. hexo github <https://github.com/hexojs/hexo>
[3]. Cactus theme <https://github.com/probberechts/hexo-theme-cactus>
[4]. hexo documentation <https://hexo.io/docs/>
[5]. Error: EACCES: permission denied, mkdir '......node-sass/build'错误解决方案
<https://www.cnblogs.com/justsilky/p/9552635.html>
[6]. bcrypt加密算法 <https://blog.csdn.net/iterjpnic/article/details/19410017>
[7]. nginx 403 Forbidden错误的原因和解决方法
<https://blog.csdn.net/huangbaokang/article/details/79924833>
[8]. Failed to start A high performance web server and a reverse proxy server
错误提示 <https://blog.csdn.net/qq_14989227/article/details/78295926>
[9]. 重要-hexo搭建个人博客完整版 <https://www.jianshu.com/p/40a497e9a6eb>
[10]. 如何优雅地发布Hexo博客 <https://www.jianshu.com/p/68e727dda16d>



@beautifulzzzz 以蓝牙技术为基础的的末梢无线网络系统架构及创新型应用探索! 领域:智能硬件、物联网、自动化、前沿软硬件
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