首先,在linux系统的/etc/init.d/目录下创建nginx文件,使用如下命令:
vim /etc/init.d/nginx
在脚本中添加如下命令:
#!/bin/sh # # nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon # #
chkconfig:- 85 15 # description: NGINX is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server # processname: nginx # config: /etc/nginx/
nginx.conf # config:/etc/sysconfig/nginx # pidfile: /var/run/nginx.pid # Source
function library. ./etc/rc.d/init.d/functions # Source networking
configuration. ./etc/sysconfig/network # Check that networking is up. [ "
$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0 nginx="/usr/sbin/nginx" prog=$(basename $nginx)
NGINX_CONF_FILE="/etc/nginx/nginx.conf" [ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && .
/etc/sysconfig/nginx lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx make_dirs() { # make
required directories user=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:" | sed '
s/[^*]*--user=\([^ ]*\).*/\1/g' -` if [ -z "`grep $user /etc/passwd`" ]; then
useradd-M -s /bin/nologin $user fi options=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure
arguments:'` for opt in $options; do if [ `echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path'` ];
then value=`echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2` if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then # echo "
creating" $value mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value fi fi done } start()
{ [-x $nginx ] || exit 5 [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6 make_dirs echo -n $"
Starting $prog:" daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE retval=$? echo [ $retval -eq
0 ] && touch $lockfile return $retval } stop() { echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc $prog-QUIT retval=$? echo [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile return
$retval } restart() { configtest|| return $? stop sleep 1 start } reload() {
configtest|| return $? echo -n $"Reloading $prog: " killproc $nginx -HUP RETVAL
=$? echo } force_reload() { restart } configtest() { $nginx -t -c
$NGINX_CONF_FILE } rh_status() { status $prog } rh_status_q() { rh_status>/dev/
null 2>&1 } case "$1" in start) rh_status_q && exit 0 $1 ;; stop) rh_status_q
|| exit0 $1 ;; restart|configtest) $1 ;; reload) rh_status_q || exit 7 $1 ;;
force-reload) force_reload ;; status) rh_status ;; condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q|| exit 0 ;; *) echo $"Usage: $0
{start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}
" exit 2 esac
这个脚本来自nginx官方,脚本地址:http://wiki.nginx.org/RedHatNginxInitScript
<http://wiki.nginx.org/RedHatNginxInitScript>
 ,不过要注意,如果你是自定义编译安装的nginx,需要根据您的安装路径修改下面这两项配置:

nginx=”/usr/sbin/nginx” 修改成nginx执行程序的路径。

NGINX_CONF_FILE=”/etc/nginx/nginx.conf” 修改成配置文件的路径。

保存脚本文件后设置文件的执行权限:
chmod a+x /etc/init.d/nginx 然后,就可以通过该脚本对nginx服务进行管理了: /etc/init.d/nginx start
/etc/init.d/nginx stop
使用chkconfig进行管理

上面的方法完成了用脚本管理nginx服务的功能,但是还是不太方便,比如要设置nginx开机启动等。这时可以使用chkconfig来设置。

先将nginx服务加入chkconfig管理列表:
chkconfig --add /etc/init.d/nginx 加完这个之后,就可以使用service对nginx进行启动,重启等操作了。
service nginx start service nginx stop
设置终端模式开机启动:
chkconfig nginx on
参考自:http://blog.csdn.net/boyish_/article/details/51768784

  

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下面是另外个脚本:

在脚本中添加如下命令:
#!/bin/bash
# nginx Startup script for the Nginx HTTP Server # it is v.0.0.2 version. #
chkconfig:- 85 15 # description: Nginx is a high-performance web and proxy
server. # It has a lot of features, but it's not for everyone. # processname:
nginx # pidfile:/var/run/nginx.pid # config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
nginxd=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx nginx_config=/usr/local/nginx/conf/
nginx.conf nginx_pid=/var/run/nginx.pid RETVAL=0 prog="nginx" # Source function
library. ./etc/rc.d/init.d/functions # Source networking configuration. .
/etc/sysconfig/network # Check that networking is up. [ ${NETWORKING} = "no" ]
&& exit0 [ -x $nginxd ] || exit 0 # Start nginx daemons functions. start() { if
[ -e $nginx_pid ];then echo "nginx already running...." exit 1 fi echo -n $"
Starting $prog:" daemon $nginxd -c ${nginx_config} RETVAL=$? echo [ $RETVAL = 0
] && touch /var/lock/subsys/nginx return $RETVAL } # Stop nginx daemons
functions. stop() { echo-n $"Stopping $prog: " killproc $nginxd RETVAL=$? echo
[ $RETVAL= 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/nginx /var/run/nginx.pid } # reload
nginx service functions. reload() { echo-n $"Reloading $prog: " #kill -HUP `cat
${nginx_pid}` killproc $nginxd-HUP RETVAL=$? echo } # See how we were called.
case "$1" in start) start ;; stop) stop ;; reload) reload ;; restart) stop
start ;; status) status $prog RETVAL=$? ;; *) echo $"Usage: $prog
{start|stop|restart|reload|status|help}" exit 1 esac exit $RETVAL
注意配置里的路径,需要将路径改为自己机器的相应路径。

接着,设置文件的访问权限:
chmod a+x /etc/init.d/nginx   ;(a+x参数表示 ==> all user can execute  所有用户可执行)
最后将ngix加入到rc.local文件中,这样开机的时候nginx就默认启动了
vi /etc/rc.local
添加
/etc/init.d/nginx start
保存并退出

下次重启就会生效,实现nginx的自启动。

 

参考自,感谢原作者:http://blog.163.com/[email protected]/blog/static/140324073201312734548701/